Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Visions of a New LandSoviet Film from the Revolution to the Second World War$

Emma Widdis

Print publication date: 2003

Print ISBN-13: 9780300092912

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: October 2013

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300092912.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM YALE SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.yale.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Yale University Press, 2018. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in YSO for personal use (for details see www.yale.universitypressscholarship.com/page/privacy-policy). Subscriber: null; date: 16 January 2019

(p.251) Index

(p.251) Index

Source:
Visions of a New Land
Publisher:
Yale University Press

Page numbers in italic refer to illustrations.

Aelita. See Protazanov, Iakov
aerial view, 122–23, 143, 153;
as model of experience, 128–35, 141, 216 n 21;
and cinematic technique, 136–37
Aerograd. See Dovzhenko, Aleksandr
airplane: travel by, 18, 71;
in cinema, 122, 128, 129;
and conquest of space, 129–30. See also aerial view
Aleksandrov, Grigorii: Volga-Volga, 141, 175, 182, 186;
The Radiant Path, 142–43, 158, 174, 182;
The Circus, 143, 175
All-Russian (All-Union) Agricultural Exhibition. See exhibition
Antsiferov, Nikolai, 103
architecture, and the transformation of life, 57–58. See also Disurbanism; Moscow
arctic, conquest of, 8, 151–53
ARK (Association of Revolutionary Cinema Workers), 16
Arnheim, Rudolf, 60
Around the World, 2, 98, 99, 101, 104, 174, 213 n. 6
Babel', Isaak, 2, 4
Bakhtin, Mikhail, 180, 185, 188–89
Balázs, Béla, 61
Barnet, Boris: The Girl with a Hatbox, 82–83, 84, 87, 94, 138;
The House on Trubnaia Square, 83–85, 87, 89, 91, 94–95, 175;
By the Blue Sea, 147–49, 149
Baudelaire, Charles, 78–79
Bauer, Evgenii, 63, 79
Bed and Sofa. See Room, Abram
Benjamin, Walter: on Moscow, 2, 87, 95;
on modernity, 11;
on film 60
Berdiaev, Nikolai, 5, 198 n. 10
Bergson, Henri, 70–71, 75
blindness, 133–34
(p.252) Blok, Aleksandr, 4, 79
boat (barge, steamer), 140–41, 175, 182
body: social (Soviet), 4, 8, 107;
and technology, 12, 72, 158;
relationship with material world, 56, 59, 60, 65, 69, 76;
and film, 71–75;
and city, 78–80;
healthy, 82, 148;
mass, 86
Bogataia nevesta (The Rich Bride). See Pyr'ev, Ivan
border guard, 143–44
borders: as contact, 113;
as protection, 143–44, 153, 193
bourgeois. See meshchanstvo
Bronenosets Potemkin (The Battleship Potemkin). See Eisenstein, Sergei
byt. See everyday, the
canals: Volga-Don, 31;
Volga-Moscow, 141, 166, 168, 175;
Belomor, 141, 191, 192–93;
construction of, 168–69, 171, 172–74, 175;
architecture of, 175
carnival, 180, 219 n. 38
Chaianov, Aleksei (pseud. Ivan Kremnev), 56, 166, 207 n. 93
Chapaev. See Vasiliev brothers
Chelovek s kinoapparatom (Man with a Movie Camera). See Vertov, Dziga
Chelovek s ruzhem (Man with a Gun). See Iutkevich, Sergei
Chernia, Iakov, 166
Chertogo koleso (The Devil's Wheel). See Kozintsev, Grigorii, and Leonid Trauberg
Cherviakov, Evgenii, 141
Chkalov, Valerii, 134–35
Chudesnitsa (The Miracle Worker). See Medvedkin, Aleksandr, and the Film Train
Chuzhak, Nikolai. See zhiznestroenie
Cine-eye, 60. See also Vertov, Dziga
cinefication. See kinofikatsiia
city: shape of socialist, 46–58;
as product of capitalism, 49;
representations of, 63, 72–74, 77–96;
experience of, 78, 80, 94–95;
growth of, 166;
secret and closed, 193. See also Moscow; planning; St. Petersburg
collectivization: geography and practice of, 20, 21, 38–43, 184–85;
and the kulak, 39, 186;
and peasant identity, 40–41;
and sorevnovanie, 41–45, 188;
and film train, 41–43
conquest (osvoenie), of space: definition and history, 7–10, 18, 198 nn. 2021;
and nature, 8, 150–53, 155–57;
and Five-Year Plan, 31;
or exploration, 98, 99, 105, 114, 119–20, 129, 136, 191;
and the airplane, 129–30;
and leisure, 139, 141, 143, 191, 194;
and construction, 153–64
Constructivism: architecture, 47, 93;
and faktura, 69;
and tektonika, 69;
and konstruktsiia, 69;
obrabotka (processing), 69–70, 128, 160. See also Disurbanism; Ginzburg, Moisei
crowd, 84–86. See also mass(es)
Daesh' vozdukh (You Give Us Air). See Vertov, Dziga
Daleko v Azii (Far Away in Asia). See Erofeev, Vladimir
Da, Zveno (Yes, A Chain). See Medvedkin, Aleksandr, and the Film Train
Deleuze, Gilles, 71–72, 125
Delluc, Louis, 65–66
Deti bol'shogo goroda (Children of the Big City). See Bauer, Evgenii
Devushka s kharakterom (Girl with Character, A). See Iudin, Konstantin
Devushka s korobkoi (The Girl with a Hatbox). See Barnet, Boris
Devushka speshit na svidanie (A Girl Hurries to a Rendezvous). See Verner, Mikhail
Disurbanism, 47, 49–58, 166, 206 n. 71, 206 n. 82
Dneprostroi, 31, 35, 98, 155, 205 n. 48
Doch' rodiny (Daughter of the Motherland), 144
domestic space: representation of, 17;
planning of, 49–55;
reality of, 83–84, 89–90;
(p.253) ideological significance of, 86–92. See also meshchanstvo
Dom na Trubnoi (The House on Trubnaia Square). See Barnet, Boris
Dovzhenko, Aleksandr: Aerograd, 129–30, 142, 153–54;
Ivan, 155–56
Dubson, Mikhail, 144
Dunaevskii, Isaak, 143
Dva druga, model' i podruga (Two Friends, Their Girlfriend, and a Model). See Popov, Aleksei
Dzhul'bars. See Shneiderov, Vladimir
editing. See montage
Eikhenbaum, Boris, 68–69, 70
Eisenstein, Sergei: The Battleship Potemkin, 16, 85;
theories of, 67–68;
The Strike, 85;
October, 86;
The General Line, 184
Ekk, Nikolai, 126–28
electrification: GOELRO plan for, 3, 17, 20, 22;
organization of, 22–24, 28–29;
symbolic meaning of, 24–29, 49, 52, 57, 60, 195;
films, 27–29, 35–38;
during Five-Year Plan, 35;
and urban planning, 49. See also Dneprostroi; village
Elizarov, Mark, 54
El-Lissitskii (pseud.), 55
Epstein, Jean, 65–66
Ermler, Friedrikh, 212 n. 21;
Fragment of an Empire, 84, 93–95;
Katka's Reinette Apples, 88;
Counterplan (with S. Iutkevich), 145–46;
The Great Citizen, 147;
The Peasants, 186
Erofeev, Vladimir: The Roof of the World: An Expedition to Pamir, 115–19, 169;
Far Away in Asia, 118–19
ethnography: development of, 6, 100, 110;
film and, 111–19
everyday, the (byt): ideological significance of, 43;
novyi (new), 57–58;
and film, 81–96, 177, 212 n. 15
exhibition, 142, 180–82, 217 n. 1, 219 n. 39
exploration: definition of, 3, 10–12;
as relation to territory, 10–12, 97, 52, 120–23, 128;
as opposed to conquest, 12, 18, 98, 114–15, 136, 140–41, 147, 186, 189, 191;
and infrastructure, 12, 52, 104, 121, 123–26;
as accessible to all, 52, 72, 96, 99–101, 144, 183;
and ethnography/relation to people, 107, 110–19
explorers (razvedchiki), 100–103, 136, 147, 149, 153–54, 175
faktura. See Constructivism
feeling. See senses
film image: raw material of, 13, 64–70;
mimetic quality of, 60;
physical quality of, 61–63;
“created geography” of, 64–65, 111, 164
Five-Year Plan(s), 2, 147;
First, 3, 17, 20, 31, 103;
collectivization and, 40;
film train and, 41;
urban planning and, 45–58;
representations of, 99
flâneur, 78
folklore: ideological use of, 111, 117, 186;
heroes of, 153;
spatio-temporal coordinates of, 186, 187–89
functionalism. See Ginzburg, Moisei
future: uncertainty of, 5;
realisation of, 12, 155, 161–62, 189;
visions of, 56, 111,142, 155, 180;
personal, 133, 138
Futurists, 77. See Maiakovskii, Vladimir
Gan, Aleksei, 60, 68–72, 75, 128, 206 n. 71
Garden City. See Howard, Ebenezer
Gastev, Aleksei, 57
gaze, 61, 124, 208 n. 8
General'naia liniia (The General Line). See Eisenstein, Sergei
General Plan. See Moscow: replanning of
Geographical Society, Russian, 6, 100, 198 n. 16, 213 n. 14
geology, 99, 100, 116, 118, 147
Gerasimov, Sergei: Seven of the Brave, 149–53, 150, 151, 174–75;
Komsomol'sk, 154–55, 160–61
(p.254) Ginzburg, Moisei: and the OSA, 47, 53, 57–58, 128, 206 n. 71;
and functionalism, 58, 59, 207 n. 98
Gor'kii, Maksim, 15, 191, 159
Gor'kii Street, widening of, 187–89
Gosplan. See planning
Great Patriotic War, 193
Green City Plan, 53. See also Disurbanism
Grezy (Daydreams). See Bauer, Evgenii
Griffith, D.W., 63
Gromov, Mikhail, 101
GULAG. See labour, forced
Hale's Tours, 124
hero(es): mass as, 101;
pilots as, 130–35, 147, 149, 154;
supermen as, 144–47;
in Stalinist culture, 144–53;
geologists as, 147
house-commune, 48
Howard, Ebenezer, 54–55
industrialization: effects and achievements of, 3, 4, 31, 46;
planning of, 20–22, 31, 38;
film train and, 43–45;
propaganda about, 98
infrastructure: as mapping, 6, 22;
as control, 8;
as decentralizing, 10, 49;
and transformation of territory, 17, 21;
as connecting, 104–11
International theme: anthem, 4;
global socialist space, 10, 52, 110, 113, 191;
rejection of, 138, 143
Istrebiteli (The Fighter Pilots). See Pentslin, Eduard
itinerant, painters. See peredvizhniki
Iudin, Konstantin, 183
Iutkevich, Sergei: Counterplan (with F. Ermler), 145–46;
Man with a Gun, 145–46
Jakobson, Roman, 75
Kaganovich, Lazar, 166
Kak zhivesh,' tovarishch gorniak? (How's Life, Comrade Miner?), 43
Kalatozov, Mikhail: Salt for Svanetia, 106–7, 214 n. 30;
Valerii Chkalov, 134–35
Kalinin, Mikhail, 100
Karatsiupa (border guard), 143
Karmen, Roman, 118
Katka-bumazhnyi ranet (Katkas Reinette Apples). See Ermler, Friedrikh
Katsigras, Aleksandr, 201 n. 47
Kaufman, Denis. See Vertov, Dziga
Kaufman, Mikhail, 78
Khlebnikov, Velemir, 51
kinofikatsiia (spreading cinema across the territory), 14–16, 201 n. 51
kinoki, 60. See also Vertov, Dziga
Kino-nedelia (Film Week). See Vertov, Dziga
Kino-Truth (Film-Truth). See Vertov, Dziga
Kliuchevskii, Vasilii, 5
Kolkhoznyi byt (Everyday Life on a Collective Farm). See newsreels
Kolybel'naia (Lullaby). See Vertov, Dziga
Komsomol, 16, 39, 149, 154–55
Komsomol'sk. See Gerasimov, Sergei
konstruktsiia. See Constructivism
Kopalin, Il'ia, 78, 136, 184–85
Kozintsev, Grigorii, and Leonid Trauberg: FEKS, 76–78, 211 n. 1;
The Devil's Wheel, 77–79, 80, 81, 175;
“Maksim” trilogy, 145–46, 158;
Alone, 211 n. 1
Kracauer, Siegfried, 60
kraevedenie. See localness
Krasil'nikov, Nikolai, 208 n. 101
Kremnev, Ivan. See Chaianov, Aleksei
Krest'iane (The Peasants). See Ermler, Friedrikh
Kruchenykh, Aleksei, 79
Krupskaia, Nadezhda, 101, 203 n. 19
Kry'lia (Wings), 131
Krysha mira: ekspeditsiia v Pamir (The Roof of the World: An Expedition to Pamir). See Erofeev, Vladimir
Krzhizhanovskii, Gleb, 22, 100, 202 n. 3
kulak. See collectivization
(p.255) Kuleshov, Lev: theories of, 63–65;
The Extraordinary Adventures of Mr. West in the Land of the Bolsheviks, 80–81
labour, forced, 141, 193–94
landscape, real and symbolic, 29;
as view, 122, 138, 140–41;
as opposed to “space,” 185–89
Lebedev-Kumach, Vasilii, 143
Lefebvre, Henri, 8–11, 199 n. 26
leisure, 136–41
Lenin: and cinema, 13;
and electrification, 24–28;
and the International, 4;
and cartography, 101;
symbolic significance of, 2, 4, 28, 95, 107, 117, 155, 161, 168, 180;
meeting with, 146;
on perception, 59
Leningrad. See St. Petersburg
Letchiki (The Flyers). See Raizman, Iulii
“little people.” See mass(es)
localness: as identity, 43–45, 184, 191;
urban planning and, 49, 52–53;
“local study” (kraevedenie), 100–101, 119, 213 n. 13, 214 n. 45
love triangle, 131, 139, 148
Lumière brothers, 60, 121
Lunacharskii, Anatolii, 87, 100
Lunnyi kamen' (The Moonstone), 147
machine as symbol: dynamism of, 12, 128;
as metaphor for society, 38, 44;
grandeur of, 156–57;
domestication of, 157–60, 184
Maiakovskii, Vladimir, 60, 79, 87, 88
malen'kii chelovek. See mass(es)
maps: imaginary, 2, 10, 12, 35, 123, 197 n. 1;
real, 2–3, 6, 23, 36–37, 40, 99, 101, 102, 108, 117, 198 n. 16;
ideology of, 114, 191–94, 192
Marx, Karl: and spatial hierarchies, 9;
and “the emancipation of the senses,” 10–11, 56–57, 62, 67
mass(es): communication with, 13, 43–45, 62;
as the “little people,” 15, 44, 52, 144, 186;
city for, 80;
representation of, 85–86, 135, 138;
status of, 135
material (“raw material”): of film, 13, 64–70, 78;
natural, 31, 100, 103
Medvedkin, Aleksandr, and the Film Train: symbolic significance of, 43–45
—films from: Veitlus: or, the Experience of the Best to All Collective Farms, 41;
A Letter to Collective Farm Workers, 42;
Yes, A Chain, 42;
How's Life, Comrade Miner? 43;
Opening of Dneprostroi, 35;
Journey around the USSR, 138
—feature films: New Moscow, 138, 176–83, 184–85;
Happiness, 186–88;
The Miracle Worker, 188
meshchanstvo, 83, 85, 88, 90–92
metro. See Moscow
Molotov, Viacheslav, 203 n. 34, 204 n. 39
montage: potential of, 63–64, 67–70;
and movement, 70–72, 136–37;
and sensation, 73–74;
and cityscape, 94
Moscow: as symbolic centre, 8, 31, 138, 139, 164–83, 191, 219 n. 33;
as real centre, 22;
“emptying of,” 53–56;
lived reality of, 82–83, 85–86, 87, 95–96;
“Moscow Time,” 164–65;
Palace of the Soviets, 166–68, 171, 175, 180, 181, 218 n. 26;
replanning of, 166–74, 178;
metro, 171, 180;
in the 1990s, 195. See also canals; city
movement: through space, available to all, 10, 12, 56, 153;
positive symbolism of, 10, 12, 57–58, 77, 121, 128, 136, 146, 189;
and urban planning, 31, 58;
of population, 38, 144;
and representation of industry, 38, 156;
cinema and, 60, 65–66, 70–75, 122
Naplotnenie (Overcrowding). See Lunacharskii, Anatolii
nature: opposition with technology and culture, 8, 125;
mastery of, 8, 150–53, 155–57;
relationship with, 11, 12, 53–56, 106;
and the pastoral/rural idyll, 56, 138, 183, 185, 187
(p.256) nauchno-populiarnyi (popular-scientific) genre, 101, 104, 116
Nebylitskii, Boris, 175
Neobychainye prikliuchenii Mistera Vesta v strane bolshevikov (The Extraordinary Adventures of Mr. West in the Land of the Bolsheviks). See Kuleshov, Lev
New Economic Policy (NEP), 2, 20, 81, 88
newsreels, 15, 107, 126;
Soiuzkinozhurnal, 15, 101;
For a Socialist Village, 40–41;
Everyday Life on a Collective Farm, 41;
The Socialist Village, 41
Novaia Moskva (New Moscow). See Medvedkin, Aleksandr, and the Film Train
Oblomok imperii (Fragment of an Empire). See Ermler, Friedrikh
ODSK, 14–15
Okhitovich, Mikhail, 47, 49–53, 57–58, 166
Oktiabr (October). See Eisenstein, Sergei
Ordzhonikidze, Sergo, 40
Orientalism, 118–19
oshchushchenie, 59–61, 63, 68–117, 125. See also senses
Osinskii, N. (V. V. Obolenskii), 51–52
osvoenie. See conquest, of space
otkrytie, 7, 21, 31, 46, 98, 115, 148
Palace of the Soviets. See Moscow
panopticon, 7, 123
Papirosnitsa ot Mosselproma (The Cigarette Girl from Mosselprom). See Zheliabuzhskii, Iurii
parakhod. See boat
passport, 190
pastoralism. See nature
peasant: as viewer of film, 16, 43–45;
as backward/traditional, 39, 183, 203 n. 34, 204 n. 42;
education of, 40;
identity of, 40;
in city, 87;
as source of “authenticity,” 184, 186
Pentslin, Eduard: Istrebiteli, 131–33
peredvizhniki (painters), 185
Pertsov, Viktor, 66
Petrov-Bytov, Pavel, 201 n. 57
phenomenology: of film, 65;
of early Marx, 74, 211 n. 64
photogénie, 63, 65–70
photography, 124, 160
pilot. See hero(es)
Pimenov, Iurii, 175, 176
Piotrovskii, Adrian, 201 n. 57
Pis'mo kolkhoznikam (A Letter to Collective Farm Workers). See Medvedkin, Aleksandr, and the Film Train
planning: and electrification (GOELRO), 20;
state planning agency (Gosplan), 20;
symbolism and practise of, 31, 202 n. 4;
urban, 46
Popov, Aleksei, 103–4, 140–41
poselok, 185, 206 n. 66
Potomok Chingiz Khana (Storm over Asia). See Pudovkin, Vsevolod
Preobrazhenskii, N. F., 13, 200 n. 41
private space. See domestic space
Proletkul't, 57
propiska, 144
Propp, Vladimir, 187
prostor: vastness and “ungraspability” (neob”iatnost') of, 3, 6, 97, 195;
mapping of, 3, 6–7, 8, 104, 108;
as symbol of identity, 5–6;
conquest of, 8, 129–30, 131, 191, 195;
potential and richness of, 10, 17, 52, 182–85;
intransigence of, 10, 22, 155, 188;
opening up of, 21, 22, 22, 29, 52. See also conquest, of space; exploration
Protazanov, Iakov, 82, 138
Pudovkin, Vsevolod: theories of, 63–64, 66;
Storm over Asia, 115
Pusk Dneprostroia (The Opening of Dneprostroi). See Medvedkin, Aleksandr, and the Film Train
(p.257) put' (path, journey): as symbol of Russia's journey, 5, 6, 156;
as symbol of progress and dynamism, 27, 75, 106, 128, 161–62, 189;
as route through prostor, 29, 106, 135 189;
na Vostok, 183, 214 n. 46;
Bakhtin and, 211 n. 67
Puteshevstie po SSSR (Journey around the USSR). See Medvedkin, Aleksandr, and the Film Train
Putevka v zhizni (The Path to Life). See Ekk, Nikolai
Pyr'ev, Ivan, 188;
The Tractor Drivers, 138, 186;
Tale of a Siberian Land, 156, 182–83;
The Swineherd and the Shepherd, 180–82;
The Rich Bride, 186
radio, 3, 22, 174
railways: construction of, 3, 6, 98, 53;
Turksib, 31, 104–6, 116;
as symbol of connection, 104–7, 121, 127, 216 n. 14. See also train
Raizman, Iulii: Flyers, 131–33, 132–33
razvedchik. See exploration
reeducation, 144
Rodchenko, Aleksandr, 53, 160, 170, 179
Room, Abram: Bed and Sofa, 87, 90–92, 122, 175
Ruttman, Walter, 78, 211 n. 8
saboteurs, 39, 153, 144
Sabsovich, Leonid, 47–49
Sakulin, Boris, 53
Salt for Svanetia. See Kalatozov, Mikhail
Schast'e (Happiness), 186–88
Segodnia (Today). See Shub, Esfir
Semero smelykh (Seven of the Brave). See Gerasimov, Sergei
senses: “emancipation of,” 10–11, 56–57, 59–60;
and experience of cinema, 60–63, 65–66, 68–72, 73–75;
and experience of space, 105, 117. See also oshchushchenie
Shagai, Sovet! (Forward March, Soviet!). See Vertov, Dziga
Shchusev, Aleksei, 202 n. 2
Shestaia chast' mira (A Sixth of the World). See Vertov, Dziga
Shestakov, Sergei, 202 n. 2
Shipulinskii, L., 62
Shishkin, Ivan. See peredvizhniki
Shklovskii, Viktor, 68–70, 71, 83, 104, 122, 179
Shneiderov, Vladimir, 112–13, 122, 214 n. 45;
Dzhul'bars, 143–44
Shub, Esfir: The Great Way, 27;
Today, 38
Shumi, gorodok (Cause a Stir, Little Town), 178
Shumiatskii, Boris, 17
Siberia, 156
Skazanie o zemle sibirksoi (Tale of a Siberian Land). See Pyr'ev, Ivan
Skvortsov-Stepanov, I. I., 25
smychka: ideal and symbolism of, 21, 46, 83, 180, 182;
and electrification, 25, 28;
and collectivization, 38, 40;
and railways, 105
“Socialism in One Country,” 4, 138, 143
Socialist Realism: in film and literature, 17, 199 n. 30, 218 n. 21;
and nature, 8;
and Moscow, 175, 177
Soiuzkinozhurnal. See newsreels, 15, 101
sorevnovanie, sotsorevnovanie. See collectivization
Stachka (The Strike). See Eisenstein, Sergei
Stakhanov, Aleksei, 144, 217 n. 6
Stalin, I. V.: and “Socialism in One Country,” 4, 138;
at centre, 8;
and Five-Year Plan, 20;
and collectivization, 39;
and aviation, 134, 134;
and Moscow, 164–82;
and the building of utopia, 160
St. Petersburg, 6, 79, 92–95, 175
Svetlyi put' (The Radiant Path). See Aleksandrov, Grigorii
Svilova, Elizaveta, 74
Svinarka i pastukh (The Swineherd and the Shepherd). See Pyr'ev, Ivan
Taylorism. See Gastev, Aleksei
tektonika. See Constructivism
(p.258) time: organization of, 57–58, 164–65;
conquest of, 130, 130, 142, 155;
representation of, 12, 75, 160, 162, 180;
folkloric, 188–89;
experience of, 58, 70–3. See also future
tourism. See leisure
towns, construction of new, 31, 34. See also city; Moscow; St. Petersburg
train: travel by, 18, 71, 107, 116, 137–38;
as metaphor of vision, 124–28;
the carriage as site of community, 137–38;
tracks, 105, 127;
Traktoristy (The Tractor Drivers). See Pyr'ev, Ivan
tram, 84
travel, symbolism of, 51–52, 83, 117
Tret'ia Meshchanskaia (Bed and Sofa). See Room, Abram
Tret'iakov, Sergei, 35, 122
Tri pesni o Lenine (Three Songs of Lenin). See Vertov, Dziga
Trotskii, Leon, 4, 138
Tsirk (Circus, The). See Aleksandrov, Grigorii
Turin, Viktor, 104–6
Turksib. See Turin, Viktor
U samogo sinego moria (By the Blue Sea). See Barnet, Boris
urban space. See city; Moscow; St. Petersburg
Urbanists, 47–49, 166
USSR in Construction, 159–60
utopia: dreams of, 12, 56;
materialization of, 8, 9, 155, 189;
and urban planning, 49, 51, 88;
challenges to, 82, 95
Valerii Chkalov. See Kalatozov, Mikhail
Vasiliev brothers, 146, 146–47
Veitlus: opyt luchshikh vsem kolkhozam (Veitlus: or, the Experience of the Best to All Collective Farms). See Medvedkin, Aleksandr, and the Film Train
Velikii grazhdanin (The Great Citizen). See Ermler, Friedrikh
velikii perelom (Great Leap Forward), 4, 10, 39, 45
Velikii put' (The Great Way). See Shub, Esfir
Verner, Mikhail, 139
Vertov, Dziga (Denis Kaufman), 14–16, 63, 136–37, 160, 184;
Film Week, 15, 121;
Forward March, Soviet! 27, 38, 108, 111;
and kinooshchushchenie, 59–60;
criticism of, 67–70;
and the body, 72–75;
Man with a Movie Camera, 72–78, 121, 158;
and montage, 73–75, 117;
Film-Truth, 101, 103, 107, 121, 128–29, 180, 184;
A Sixth of the World, 108–11, 117, 162, 164;
You Give Us Air, 128;
Three Songs of Lenin, 161–65, 165, 218 n. 21;
Lullaby, 164
village: “Face to the Village” campaign, 14, 16;
electrification of, 24–28, 39, 184;
isolation of, 40;
city as a, 95–96;
idealization of, 182–89, 206 n. 66, 220 n. 45
Village, The. See Kopalin, Il'ia
Vokrug sveta. See Around the World
Volga-Volga. See Aleksandrov, Grigorii
Vstrechnyi (Counterplan). See Ermler, Friedrikh
World Wide Web, 195
Zakliuchennye (The Prisoners). See Cherviakov, Evgenii
Zheliabuzhskii, Iurii, 214 n. 30;
The Cigarette Girl from Mosselprom, 81–82, 84, 85, 209 n. 31
zhiznestroenie, 57, 207 n. 99
Zholtovskii, Ivan, 202 n. 2
Zolotoe ozero (The Golden Lake), 147