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The Red MillionaireA Political Biography of Willy Munzenberg, Moscow's Secret Propaganda Tsar in the West$
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Sean McMeekin

Print publication date: 2003

Print ISBN-13: 9780300098471

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: October 2013

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300098471.001.0001

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(p.7) Chapter 1 Erfurt
The Red Millionaire

Sean McMeekin

Yale University Press

This chapter discusses the birth of Munzenberg in a place called Erfurt, a charming old southeast Prussian town located in what is now Thuringia. Born in the same year as Hitler, he lived there until he was four years old, when his mother Mina's death left him at the mercy of his itinerant father, who, after a lackluster military career, moved from one mediocre job to another as a civilian. Munzenberg made very few friends while he was young, and those he did make he did not keep for long. He had two older brothers, both of whom were serving in the military by the time he was in school and who he rarely saw, and an older sister, who was in and out of his life more frequently than his brothers, but with whom he would also eventually lose contact. The main influence on Munzenberg's early development, therefore, was his father.

Keywords:   southeast Prussian town, Erfurt, Thuringia, Hitler, Mina, military career

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