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The Two ReformationsThe Journey from the Last Days to the New World$
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Heiko A. Oberman and Donald Weinstein

Print publication date: 2003

Print ISBN-13: 9780300098686

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: October 2013

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300098686.001.0001

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From Luther to Hitler

From Luther to Hitler

(p.81) V From Luther to Hitler
The Two Reformations

Heiko A. Oberman

Yale University Press

This chapter traces the anti-Semitic practices of Martin Luther all the way to Hitler. It states that Luther has justified the anti-Jewish stance by arguing that all Jews are enemies of the church, as their disobedience in killing Jesus Christ has broken their covenant with God and it was replaced by the Christian Church and the new covenant. It argues that the Nazis themselves did not draw their anti-Semitic stance from Luther, but perhaps from Austria, which is a publicly anti-Jewish country. Since the Nazi's rise to power, there has been a considerable increase in their acts of repression. They used anti-Semitism as a pretense to establish order and security. But as the Second World War rages, they lifted any form of pretense and started a reign of terror among the Jews. The Germans did not mind it, and they even accepted this reality and became Nazi's willing executioners.

Keywords:   anti-Semitism, Nazi, Austria, Martin Luther, Hitler

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