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Leibniz on the Trinity and the IncarnationReason and Revelation in the Seventeenth Century$
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Maria Rosa Antognazza

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780300100747

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: October 2013

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300100747.001.0001

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The Curtain Call

The Curtain Call

Chapter:
(p.161) 13 The Curtain Call
Source:
Leibniz on the Trinity and the Incarnation
Author(s):

Maria Rosa Antognazza

Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:10.12987/yale/9780300100747.003.0014

In “Preliminary Discourse on the Conformity of Faith with Reason,” a prefix to Theodicy, Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz explores the relationship between faith and reason. Leibniz's direct antagonist in this case was Pierre Bayle, who argues that human reason cannot resolve the problem of evil. The Socinians offer an explanation that challenges the view of Bayle and those who support the irreconcilability of philosophy and theology. According to Leibniz, the submission of faith to reason is unacceptable, but opposing faith to reason is not the way to fight it. Both Leibniz and the Socinians agree with the conformity between faith and reason. Leibniz refers to the Trinity only in section 150 of the second part of the Theodicy proper, but the passage reinterprets the distinction between divine intellect and will in terms of the Trinity. Traces of the classic doctrine of the analogia Trinitatis reemerge powerfully in Monadology, which reflects the apex of Leibniz's metaphysics.

Keywords:   faith, reason, Theodicy, Pierre Bayle, Socinians, theology, Trinity, Monadology, metaphysics

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