This chapter focuses on the protectoral performances of Oliver Cromwell in England. Within the walls of the refurbished palaces, at Whitehall and Hampton Court, Cromwell re-established a household and court that at least imitated those of royal the predecessors. The Protectoral court as re-established did not appoint a Lord Steward but the household below stairs was run along similar lines to that of the Stuarts, with a privy kitchen and cellar, spicery and wine cellar, slaughterhouse and scullery. Unlike monarchs who had been expected to live of their own, Cromwell was granted an annual sum to finance household expenses, in recognition, perhaps, that the court of a Protector was public as well as private and as important to the image and dignity of the government as Cromwell himself.
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