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Menachem Begin$
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Avi Shilon

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780300162356

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: October 2013

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300162356.001.0001

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Once More a Rebel

Once More a Rebel

(p.220) Eleven Once More a Rebel
Menachem Begin

Avi Shilon

Yale University Press

When Arie Ben Eliezer, Menachem Begin's deputy and confidant in Herut, died of cancer in January 1970, Begin found himself with no more old allies. As a result, he decided to retire once again, citing the Rogers Initiative, designed to end the conflict between Egypt and Israel in Sinai, as the reason. The Rogers Initiative, proposed by United Nations mediator Gunnar Jarring, called for an immediate ceasefire in Sinai, where Israel had been engaged in the “War of Attrition” with Egypt and other Arab nations. U.N. Resolution 242 demanded that Israel withdraw from the occupied territories. Begin's decision to retire after the Israeli government agreed to negotiate the Rogers Initiative angered the Liberals within Gahal. In August 1970, Begin returned to the opposition, a move that harmed his status in Gahal.

Keywords:   ceasefire, Menachem Begin, Rogers Initiative, Egypt, Israel, Sinai, United Nations, War of Attrition, Arab nations, Gahal

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