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Menachem Begin$
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Avi Shilon

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780300162356

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: October 2013

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300162356.001.0001

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Declaration of Rebellion

Declaration of Rebellion

(p.48) Four Declaration of Rebellion
Menachem Begin

Avi Shilon

Yale University Press

Only three months after being named Etzel commander, Menachem Begin declared a military revolt against Britain. Despite having few trained fighters and weapons, Begin was confident that they can drive the British out of Israel. He believed that the younger members' spirit of nationalism would make the rebellion a success. The declaration of rebellion, encapsulated in Begin's emotion-laden manifesto, should be understood as an attempt to alter the image of the Jews in exile. The manifesto also included a demand to establish a Jewish state. Etzel's relations with the Jewish Agency, led by chairman David Ben Gurion, took a turn for the worse but began to strengthen ties with Lehi. The Haganah launched an operation known as the Saison to crack down on Etzel members. The Saison policy ended in March 1945.

Keywords:   rebellion, Etzel, Menachem Begin, Britain, Israel, Jewish Agency, David Ben Gurion, Lehi, Haganah, Saison

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