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Menachem Begin$
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Avi Shilon

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780300162356

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: October 2013

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300162356.001.0001

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A Bomb in the Heart of the Empire

A Bomb in the Heart of the Empire

Chapter:
(p.81) Five A Bomb in the Heart of the Empire
Source:
Menachem Begin
Author(s):

Avi Shilon

Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:10.12987/yale/9780300162356.003.0005

In September 1945, the Haganah, Etzel, and Lehi discussed the creation of a common resistance movement. Despite Menachem Begin's refusal to merge Etzel with the Haganah, the Jewish Resistance Movement was born. On July 22, 1946, however, an Etzel operation that went awry resulted in the permanent dismantling of the movement. On that fateful day, Jerusalem was rocked by a huge explosion, killing 91 people and wounding 476 others. After this incident, the Haganah continued to work to bring Jews into Israel, while Etzel and Lehi continued to fight the British. Ernest Bevin, the British foreign minister, proposed the Morrison-Grady Plan that would divide Palestine into four cantons, but the Arabs rejected the offer. On September 1, 1947, the United Nations Special Committee on Palestine (UNSCOP) issued a report recommending the partition of Palestine into two states—Jewish and Arab—and the enforcement of an international trusteeship over Jerusalem and Bethlehem.

Keywords:   partition, Jews, Menachem Begin, Haganah, Etzel, Lehi, Jewish Resistance Movement, Israel, Palestine, United Nations

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