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Enlightenment's FrontierThe Scottish Highlands and the Origins of Environmentalism$
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Fredrik Albritton Jonsson

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780300162547

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: October 2013

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300162547.001.0001

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Natural History and Civil Cameralism

Natural History and Civil Cameralism

(p.43) 2 Natural History and Civil Cameralism
Enlightenment's Frontier

Fredrik Albritton Jonsson

Yale University Press

This chapter aims to present a retelling of the internal colonization of northern Scotland and the major role played by natural historians in this event. In order to account for their motives and ambitions, the Scottish voyages of discovery must be considered in a Continental context. The taxonomic method and economic botany of the Swedish naturalist Carolus Linnaeus provided a model for many of the Highland schemes. Scottish natural history is seen as repeating a pattern pioneered in the forests and marshes of Swedish Lapland. In political terms, Highland improvement embodied a hybrid ideology of civil cameralism, which transposed the priorities of self-sufficiency and import substitution from a Continental context of landlocked states into the rich civil society of Enlightenment Scotland.

Keywords:   internal colonization, natural historians, voyages of discovery, Continental context, taxonomic method, economic botany, Swedish naturalist, Carolus Linnaeus, civil cameralism, Enlightenment Scotland

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