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Indian Ocean Slavery in the Age of Abolition$
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Robert Harms, Bernard K Freamon, and David W. Blight

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780300163872

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: May 2014

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300163872.001.0001

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. Servitude and the Changing Face of the Demand for Labor in the Indian Ocean World, c. 1800–1900

. Servitude and the Changing Face of the Demand for Labor in the Indian Ocean World, c. 1800–1900

Chapter:
(p.23) 2. Servitude and the Changing Face of the Demand for Labor in the Indian Ocean World, c. 1800–1900
Source:
Indian Ocean Slavery in the Age of Abolition
Author(s):

Gwyn Campbell

Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:10.12987/yale/9780300163872.003.0002

Chapter 2 analyzes the economic, demographic, and geographical factors that influenced slavery, slave-trading and efforts to achieve abolition in the nineteenth century Indian Ocean World. It examines the forms of unfree and indentured labor in the region, offering reasons for their emergence. In the nineteenth century, the region became an economic macro-region, functioning as a part of the burgeoning world economy. Yet, indigenous markets flourished, affecting labor demand and existing systems of servitude. The chapter argues that these slave systems are better analyzed as hierarchies of dependence. Exploring the history of the maritime slave trade, it argues that the number of slaves traded may have exceeded the 10 to 12 million landed in the Americas. It closes by pointing out that the story in the Indian Ocean World is not just about East Africa, emphasizing the importance of indentured labor and debt bondage in that story.

Keywords:   indentured labor, debt bondage, world economy, hierarchies of dependence, maritime slave trade

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