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The Formation of the Jewish Canon$
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Timothy H. Lim

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780300164343

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: January 2014

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300164343.001.0001

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The Holy Books of the Essenes and Therapeutae

The Holy Books of the Essenes and Therapeutae

(p.148) 8 The Holy Books of the Essenes and Therapeutae
The Formation of the Jewish Canon

Timothy H. Lim

Yale University Press

This chapter asks: how did Philo and Josephus characterize the scriptures of the Essenes and Therapeutae? It is difficult to know with certainty what the Essenes and Therapeutae understood by way of one or more collections of authoritative scriptures since what is known about both Jewish groups is derivative. Because of their narrow evidential base, it is essential to situate the sources in their literary context. The chapter questions the link between the Therapeutae and the Essene and scrolls communities. A close examination shows that what Philo says about the authoritative scriptures of the Therapeutae is highly idealized.

Keywords:   Philo, Josephus, scriptures, Essenes, Therapeutae, communities

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