This chapter considers the effect of postrevolutionary Anglican benevolence on the structure and character of British national life in the mid-eighteenth century. It argues that although reactionary forces pressed for a reclamation and reconstruction of sacerdotal authority, a burgeoning Anglican voluntary sector moved toward continuing social engagement and institutional innovation. In so doing, it fashioned works of Anglican confessionalization into monuments of national benevolence. The result was the making of modern civil society in Britain, a spilt religion: moral rather than confessional, associational rather than parochial, benevolent rather than sacramental — a space perhaps where individuals may be improved, but not saved.
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