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SiberiaA History of the People$
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Janet M Hartley

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780300167948

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: January 2015

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300167948.001.0001

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Railways and Change

Railways and Change

(p.163) Chapter Twelve Railways and Change

Janet M. Hartley

Yale University Press

This chapter focuses on how the construction of the Trans-Siberian railway in the late nineteenth century transformed economic, social, and intellectual life in Siberia. The Trans-Siberian railway was built to strengthen Russia's position in the east. It helped to increase trade with China, Japan, and Manchuria, although the sea route for eastern trade remained more important, especially after the opening of the Suez Canal in 1869. In 1861, Alexander II emancipated the serfs. The Trans-Siberian railway played a vital role in the years after emancipation as peasants moved east from European Russia to Siberia.

Keywords:   Siberia, Siberian history, Trans-Siberian railway, serfs, emancipation

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