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WeimarFrom Enlightenment to the Present$
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Michael H Kater

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780300170566

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: January 2015

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300170566.001.0001

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A Weimar Golden Age

A Weimar Golden Age

1770 to 1832

(p.1) Chapter 1 A Weimar Golden Age

Michael H. Kater

Yale University Press

This chapter focuses on Weimar's Golden Age between 1770 and 1832. During that period, Weimar was the capital of one of four independent Saxon duchies, in an area now called Thuringia, in the centre of Germany. The only upper school in the realm was Wilhelm-Ernst Gymnasium, headed by Johann Michael Heintze. Christoph Martin Wieland arrived in 1772, followed by Johann Wolfgang Goethe three years later. Wieland was hired by Dowager Duchess Anna Amalia as tutor to her oldest son, Dauphin Karl August. This chapter also looks at other figures who were instrumental in Weimar's so-called ‘Muses' Court’ after 1770, including Karl August Böttiger, Friedrich Hildebrand von Einsiedel, and Siegmund von Seckendorff. In addition, it considers Goethe's role as the catalyst for Weimar's Golden Age, as well as his collaboration with Friedrich von Schiller in matters of the theatre. Finally, it describes Weimar's population, economy, and society in the second half of the eighteenth century and into the early nineteenth century.

Keywords:   theatre, Golden Age, Weimar, Germany, Wilhelm-Ernst Gymnasium, Johann Michael Heintze, Christoph Martin Wieland, Johann Wolfgang Goethe, Friedrich von Schiller, economy

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