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WeimarFrom Enlightenment to the Present$
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Michael H Kater

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780300170566

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: January 2015

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300170566.001.0001

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Epilogue

Epilogue

Chapter:
(p.369) Epilogue
Source:
Weimar
Author(s):

Michael H. Kater

Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:10.12987/yale/9780300170566.003.0011

This epilogue focuses on the duality that characterised the history of Weimar, with peaks and valleys that were still evident well into the twenty-first century. It considers the town's initial greatness, anchored in culture and high-mindedness, that began around 1775, when Johann Wolfgang Goethe arrived there, and endeed in 1805, when Goethe and Friedrich von Schiller became momentarily unproductive. It then turns to the the years 1937–1945, a period predominated by Nazi Germany's Buchenwald concentration camp. It also documents several noble attempts to bring Weimar back to greatness, citing as examples Franz Liszt's arrival in 1848 and the founding of the painters' academy in 1860. Finally, it discusses the simultaneous establishment of the new German republic and the Bauhaus, together with a number of sub-themes that characterise Weimar today.

Keywords:   history, Weimar, culture, Johann Wolfgang Goethe, Friedrich von Schiller, Nazi, Buchenwald, Franz Liszt, Bauhaus, Germany

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