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From Precaution to ProfitContemporary Challenges to Environmental Protection in the Montreal Protocol$
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Brian J. Gareau

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780300175264

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: October 2013

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300175264.001.0001

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Tensions among Nation-States

Tensions among Nation-States

(p.141) 5 Tensions among Nation-States
From Precaution to Profit

Brian J. Gareau

Yale University Press

This chapter demonstrates how the MeBr phaseout debate has heightened tensions among nation-states and competing economic blocs. Tensions between the United States and Western Europe on alternatives to CFCs for essential uses were very high, and their political differences sometimes led to the seemingly deliberate stalling of other contested issues, such as the MeBr phaseout. The chapter illustrates these tensions as they transpired during 2003–2006. It highlights the significant differences (and similarities) among the three largest strawberry production complexes—the United States, the European Union, and China—and explains how these areas are attempting to outdo competitor regions. It shows how many countries consider Critical Use Exemptions (CUEs) a new form of economic domination over the global South and forecast future phaseout delays in their own countries. Tensions between less-developed and industrialized countries are clearly exacerbated by MeBr debates, reflecting the fracturing of global cooperation on ODS reductions and the threat of the globalization of strawberry production to the well-established hub of U.S. strawberry production.

Keywords:   Montreal Protocol, MeBr phaseout, Critical Use Exemptions, environmental policy, environmental regulation, competition, global economy, strawberry production

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