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Risk, Chance, and CausationInvestigating the Origins and Treatment of Disease$
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Michael B. Bracken

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780300188844

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: October 2013

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300188844.001.0001

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Bias in Publication and Reporting

Bias in Publication and Reporting

(p.224) Fourteen Bias in Publication and Reporting
Risk, Chance, and Causation

Michael B. Bracken

Yale University Press

This chapter discusses situations where the hypothesis testing construct is deliberately violated by not publishing studies that fail to support a preferred hypothesis, by reporting them in a manner which conceals what the actual hypothesis was, or, even worse, by misrepresenting the original hypothesis. Hypotheses are not discarded but rather are transmuted during publication to something entirely different, and in so doing, public safety is severely jeopardized. The chapter defines the concept of “file drawer bias,” a tendency of academic as well as corporate investigators to write up and submit for publication results that favor their employer's product, their long-held hypotheses, or their perceived chances of achieving tenure. This is one aspect of a much larger set of problems in reporting studies: “publication bias.”

Keywords:   hypothesis testing construct, public safety, file drawer bias, publication bias, corporate investigators

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