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Discovering TuberculosisA Global History, 1900 to the Present$
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Christian W. McMillen

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780300190298

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: January 2016

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300190298.001.0001

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The Making of the HIV/TB Pandemic

The Making of the HIV/TB Pandemic

(p.171) 10. The Making of the HIV/TB Pandemic
Discovering Tuberculosis

Christian W. McMillen

Yale University Press

When HIV/AIDS began to appear in Africa in the early 1980s, many noted that it was accompanied by an uptick in TB. Some even suggested that a rise in TB was in fact a signal that AIDS had arrived. By the end of the 1980s and into the early 1990s it was clear that AIDS was causing a rise in TB cases. AIDS and TB are perfect companions: HIV causes one’s immune system to be compromised, which in turn means heightened susceptibility to both reactivating latent TB and/or not being able to fight a new infection. This was well known, and for a time the WHO and the global health community took the emerging dual epidemic seriously. But then interest flagged.

Keywords:   HIV/AIDS, TB/HIV, Africa, World Health Organization

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