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Imperial from the BeginningThe Constitution of the Original Executive$
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Saikrishna Bangalore Prakash

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780300194562

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: September 2015

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300194562.001.0001

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“English Whigs, Cordial in Their … Jealousies of Their Executive Magistrate”

“English Whigs, Cordial in Their … Jealousies of Their Executive Magistrate”

(p.28) Chapter Two “English Whigs, Cordial in Their … Jealousies of Their Executive Magistrate”
Imperial from the Beginning

Saikrishna Bangalore Prakash

Yale University Press

This chapter discusses the Anglo-American executives—the British monarch and its colonial government, and the Continental Congress—that greatly influence the implementation of U.S. Executive Branch's powers, duties, and constraints. The British monarch's principal executive power was the power to execute the law and conduct extensive foreign affairs and military prerogatives. Jurist William Blackstone had stressed that the king was not only the chief, but also the sole magistrate of the nation. During the Revolutionary War, the state wrested the executive power away from the British Monarch, and considered the Continental Congress as the plural, proto-chief executive. State conventions and Congresses assumed legislative and executive authority. They created and controlled national executives, both civil and military.

Keywords:   Anglo-American executives, British monarch, Continental Congress, Revolutionary War, Executive Branch

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