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Yaquis and the EmpireViolence, Spanish Imperial Power, and Native Resilience in Colonial Mexico$
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Raphael B. Folsom

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780300196894

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: May 2015

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300196894.001.0001

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A Mestizo Conquest:

A Mestizo Conquest:

1590–1610

Chapter:
(p.44) 2 A Mestizo Conquest
Source:
Yaquis and the Empire
Author(s):

Raphael Brewster Folsom

Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:10.12987/yale/9780300196894.003.0003

This chapter explores how the Spanish colonizers were able to establish a functioning colony in northwestern Mexico during the period 1590–1610. It first provides an overview of the presence of Jesuit priests in the northwest and the Spaniards' early contact with the native peoples of northwestern Mexico, especially the state of Sinaloa. It then considers how the colonizers gained a foothold in the region by participating in preexistent native diplomatic practices in which women and children crossed ethnic lines as collateral to peace agreements. In particular, it discusses the Spaniards' strategy of taking and exchanging captives that allowed them to forge alliances with native peoples and thus made the colony sustainable. The chapter also examines the role played by the Jesuits in the negotiations that went on between the Spanish and the native peoples of the northwest.

Keywords:   colony, Spanish colonizers, Mexico, Jesuits, native peoples, Sinaloa, peace agreements, captives, alliances, negotiations

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