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Spare the Birds!George Bird Grinnell and the First Audubon Society$
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Carolyn Merchant

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780300215458

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: January 2017

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300215458.001.0001

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Lucy and John James Audubon’s Influence on Grinnell

Lucy and John James Audubon’s Influence on Grinnell

(p.3) Chapter One Lucy and John James Audubon’s Influence on Grinnell
Spare the Birds!

Carolyn Merchant

Yale University Press

This chapter looks at George Bird Grinnell's (1849–1938) early life and influences, primarily shaped by his relationship with the Audubon family. Grinnell's father was a near neighbor of the Audubons; and Lucy Audubon (1787–1874), wife to artist and ornithologist John James Audubon (1785–1851), was a dominant force in Grinnell's early life as a teacher and surrogate mother figure. Grinnell's formative years, from the age of seven until the age of fourteen, were spent roaming the wooded lands of Audubon Park and exploring John James Audubon's collections of specimens and paintings in his workshop. Sport hunting as well as skinning and preserving the captured birds and animals was another significant factor in Grinnell's developing interest in nature during this time.

Keywords:   George Bird Grinnell, John James Audubon, Lucy Bakewell Audubon, formative years, Audubon Park, sport hunting, ornithology, Victor Gifford Audubon, John Woodhouse Audubon

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