This chapter argues that the inclusion of women in post-Arab Spring transitions is necessary to ensure the credible representation of primary concerned parties, as well as the legitimacy and sustainability of the reconciliation. It notes that women, despite suffering greatly during conflicts, are significantly underrepresented in peace negotiations and agreements. The chapter recounts how Libyan and Yemeni women were prominent in sparking the uprisings that toppled the regimes. During the transitions that followed, women organized themselves quickly in civil society groups and contributed to social stabilization, communal conflict resolution, and reconciling relations between various rival groups. Specifically, in Yemen, a very patriarchal society, women made up 28 percent of the national dialogue participants, and the conference recommended that 30 percent of all elected bodies be reserved for women.
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