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Unfinished RevolutionsYemen, Libya, and Tunisia after the Arab Spring$
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Ibrahim Fraihat

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780300215632

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: September 2016

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300215632.001.0001

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(p.127) Seven Reparations
Unfinished Revolutions

Ibrahim Fraihat

Yale University Press

This chapter argues that in Libya, Yemen, and Tunisia, intensive reparations processes must begin immediately to help victims come to terms with injustices they suffered in the past. In addition to being both material and moral, reparations are also both individual and collective. The chapter relates that in Tunisia there is agreement about the principle of reparations, but significant debate on the efficacy of lump-sum payments, the advisability of providing public sector jobs to victims, and the overall type and amount of reparations. Regarding Yemen, the author covers the difficulties of implementing reparations, including how the amnesty granted to Saleh lessens the likelihood of grievances being acknowledged and the country’s precarious financial situation. The chapter finds that reparations will be especially complicated in Libya, where they must include the resolution of serious property and ownership disputes. Libya has the advantage of its oil wealth, but unfortunately, the number of victims is still growing. The chapter concludes that regardless of the specific approach, the reparations will have to lead to dignified solutions that help victims move forward in their social environments.

Keywords:   Reparations, Restorative justice, Transitional justice, Libya, Yemen, Tunisia

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