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Unfinished RevolutionsYemen, Libya, and Tunisia after the Arab Spring$
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Ibrahim Fraihat

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780300215632

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: September 2016

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300215632.001.0001

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Institutional Reform

Institutional Reform

(p.171) Nine Institutional Reform
Unfinished Revolutions

Ibrahim Fraihat

Yale University Press

Drawing on the relevant literature, this chapter argues that Libya, Tunisia, and Yemen will have to undertake comprehensive institutional reforms for their transitions to succeed, especially in the security sector, bureaucratic system, media, and judiciary. In Libya, the revolutionaries have prioritized purging the judiciary, believing it to be completely compromised. This chapter cautions that such an approach would lead to the collapse of Libya’s legal system and recommends deep reform instead. Tunisia quickly passed a law to prevent torture from happening again and has exhibited a clear preference for vetting over purging. This chapter also describes the government’s robust reforms to its media policies, while noting the importance of their effective implementation. In Yemen, despite the transition deal’s demands for military restructuring, most of the reforms thus far have proven to be cosmetic. Yemen’s national dialogue and transitional president took steps to reform the judiciary and ministry of interior, and address corruption and social issues, but real progress remains limited. The chapter concludes that institutional reform cannot be separated from the political process, and therefore effective implementation requires the proper political framework and environment.

Keywords:   Libya, Yemen, Tunisia, Institutional reform, Security sector reform, Vetting, Media, Judiciary, Corruption

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