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From Christ to Confucius
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From Christ to Confucius: German Missionaries, Chinese Christians, and the Globalization of Christianity, 1860-1950

Albert Monshan Wu


This book examines how German Protestant and Catholic missionaries reconsidered their attitudes toward Confucianism and, more broadly, Chinese culture. In the 1860s, German missionaries attacked traditional Chinese values as antithetical to their goals of converting China to Christianity, and congregational leadership lay solely in German hands. By the 1930s, missionaries commented that Christianity’s global survival—both in China and the West—depended on a synthesis of Christ and Confucius. Even before they were forced by the Communists to leave in the early 1950s, the German missionaries had ... More

Keywords: history of Christianity, German history, Chinese history, secularization, globalization, missionaries

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2016 Print ISBN-13: 9780300217070
Published to Yale Scholarship Online: May 2017 DOI:10.12987/yale/9780300217070.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Albert Monshan Wu, author
American University of Paris