This chapter examines the English barons' invitation for Louis VIII the Lion to come over and take the crown from King John. John had never been a popular figure in England in contrast to his older brothers Henry, Richard and Geoffrey. This had not mattered too much while he was merely John Lackland, but it became a significant factor once he became king, and his behaviour did nothing to improve the situation. Whereas as kings his father and brother had inspired loyalty and affection, John sought to rule by fear. In addition, he had a contentious relationship with the Catholic Church. This chapter first provides a background on John and his conflict with the country's barons, who were waging a rebellion against him while Louis was in the south of France fulfilling his vow to join the Albigensian crusade against the Cathar heretics. It then discusses the English barons' reasons for offering the throne to Louis and Louis's justification for invading England, along with his preparations for the invasion.
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