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The First CircumnavigatorsUnsung Heroes of the Age of Discovery$
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Harry Kelsey

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780300217780

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: January 2017

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300217780.001.0001

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The Voyage of Villalobos

The Voyage of Villalobos

(p.59) Three The Voyage of Villalobos
The First Circumnavigators

Harry Kelsey

Yale University Press

This chapter details the voyage of Ruy López de Villalobos, who commanded the first of a two-pronged expedition to the Pacific that involved sailing directly west, with the intention of establishing a Spanish settlement on some island not included in the pawn to Portugal. The second expedition, commanded by Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo, would sail north and west up the coast of New Spain. Villalobos' commission from Viceroy Mendoza named him as teniente de governador of the new Spanish settlement as well as capitán general of the armada, composed of six ships. The flagship was the Santiago, commanded by Villalobos himself, with Gaspar Rico as chief pilot. Though relatively small, the ships carried a large number of passengers and crew. There were nearly four hundred soldiers, seamen, and important gentlemen, “caballeros, hijos dalgo.” The fleet sailed on the morning of November 1, 1542.

Keywords:   Ruy López de Villalobos, Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo, Spanish settlement, armada

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