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The Russian ParliamentInstitutional Evolution in a Transitional Regime, 1989-1999$
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Thomas F. Remington

Print publication date: 2001

Print ISBN-13: 9780300084986

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: October 2013

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300084986.001.0001

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Gorbachev's Constitutional Reforms

Gorbachev's Constitutional Reforms

Chapter:
(p.20) Chapter 2 Gorbachev's Constitutional Reforms
Source:
The Russian Parliament
Author(s):

Thomas F. Remington

Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:10.12987/yale/9780300084986.003.0002

The collapse of communist rule in the Soviet Union and the eventual breakup of the union state itself had profound implications not only for the nation but also for the world. Neither Mikhail Gorbachev nor Boris Yeltsin wanted to see the union dissolve, but they were unable to coordinate on a strategy for preserving it. This chapter examines Gorbachev's reforms of legislative and executive institutions in the Russian Republic. It argues that Gorbachev wanted to shift power away from the party and into a new set of democratized state structures and a new state presidency. It looks at his democratization of parliament and his establishment of a new Soviet legislature that included the Congress of People's Deputies. It also discusses his response to the economic crisis and his economic reforms, his use of emergency powers to address the country's deteriorating political situation, and his agreement with Yeltsin and the other union leaders to adopt a new union treaty that gave the republics most of what they demanded. Finally, it analyzes August 1991 coup and its aftermath.

Keywords:   reforms, Soviet Union, Mikhail Gorbachev, Boris Yeltsin, Russian Republic, presidency, democratization, parliament, Congress of People's Deputies, economic crisis

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