When he was expelled from Germany in 1933, Bruno Walter and his family moved to Vienna, which would become his main center of activity for the next several years. The day after he arrived in Vienna, Walter received a telephone call from Rudolf Mengelberg, who asked him to conduct several concerts with the Concertgebouw Orchestra in Amsterdam. For Walter, conducting the Concertgebouw was a welcome respite. He would take a number of lengthy trips in the next five years in order to continue conducting throughout Europe without crossing into German territory. He also conducted the Vienna Philharmonic on a regular basis and became a hero of the Salzburg Festival. The year 1933 was a tumultuous period for Walter personally, but saw him being more in command than ever before from a musical standpoint. In June 1936, however, Walter's musical serenity was disrupted when some Austrian Nazis threw stink bombs during one of his Viennese performances of Richard Wagner's Tristan und Isolde.
Yale Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.
If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.
To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.