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Quantitative Evaluation of HIV Prevention Programs$
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Edward H. Kaplan and Ron Brookmeyer

Print publication date: 2001

Print ISBN-13: 9780300087512

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: October 2013

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300087512.001.0001

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Evaluating Israel's Ethiopian Blood Ban

Evaluating Israel's Ethiopian Blood Ban

Chapter:
(p.189) Chapter 9 Evaluating Israel's Ethiopian Blood Ban
Source:
Quantitative Evaluation of HIV Prevention Programs
Author(s):

Edward H. Kaplan

Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:10.12987/yale/9780300087512.003.0010

This chapter discusses Israel's ban on Ethiopian blood donors. Due to the possibility that Ethiopian Israelis have a 50-fold higher chance of HIV infection relative to non-Ethiopian Israelis, Israel's blood supply from Ethiopian Israelis were all discarded. The chapter begins with a brief review of recent estimated HIV incidence in both Ethiopian and non-Ethiopian Israelis. It then presents a simple model of the probability of infectious donation and estimates this infectious donation risk for both Ethiopian and other Israelis. Using this model, the impact of exclusion of Ethiopian donors on the annual number of infectious donations to the Israeli blood supply is evaluated and the result is used as an implicit cost-effectiveness analysis. The analysis shows that on average, excluding Ethiopian donors prevents at most one HIV infectious donation every ten years.

Keywords:   Israel, blood donors, Ethiopian Israelis, non-Ethiopian Israelis, HIV incidence, infectious donation, cost-effectiveness

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