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Quantitative Evaluation of HIV Prevention Programs$
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Edward H. Kaplan and Ron Brookmeyer

Print publication date: 2001

Print ISBN-13: 9780300087512

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: October 2013

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300087512.001.0001

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Epidemiological Issues in the Evaluation of HIV Prevention Programs

Epidemiological Issues in the Evaluation of HIV Prevention Programs

Chapter:
(p.79) Chapter 4 Epidemiological Issues in the Evaluation of HIV Prevention Programs
Source:
Quantitative Evaluation of HIV Prevention Programs
Author(s):

Nancy S. Padian

Stephen C. Shiboski

Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:10.12987/yale/9780300087512.003.0005

This chapter discusses epidemiological methods in the development of HIV prevention programs. It first considers the importance of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) in influencing policy makers. It then considers causal criteria: only interventions that can be causally linked to new HIV infections merit implementation at a policy level. Finally, the chapter reviews existing HIV prevention strategies and the study designs that were used to link study findings to policy.

Keywords:   HIV prevention, randomized controlled trials, RCTs, causal criteria, HIV infections

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