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Quantitative Evaluation of HIV Prevention Programs$
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Edward H. Kaplan and Ron Brookmeyer

Print publication date: 2001

Print ISBN-13: 9780300087512

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: October 2013

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300087512.001.0001

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Methadone Treatment as HIV Prevention: Cost-Effectiveness Analysis

Methadone Treatment as HIV Prevention: Cost-Effectiveness Analysis

Chapter:
(p.118) Chapter 6 Methadone Treatment as HIV Prevention: Cost-Effectiveness Analysis
Source:
Quantitative Evaluation of HIV Prevention Programs
Author(s):

Harold Pollack

Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:10.12987/yale/9780300087512.003.0007

This chapter examines the overall cost-effectiveness of methadone treatment for injection drug users (IDUS) as an HIV prevention measure. It begins by reviewing several studies that document the efficacy of methadone treatment. It then discusses two models: a basic model of HIV transmission without treatment and a simple model that incorporates methadone treatment. Analysis suggests that methadone treatment significantly reduces disease prevalence at a cost of $100,000 to $300,000 per infection averted.

Keywords:   methadone, injection drug users, IDUS, HIV prevention, HIV transmission, injection

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