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Quantitative Evaluation of HIV Prevention Programs$
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Edward H. Kaplan and Ron Brookmeyer

Print publication date: 2001

Print ISBN-13: 9780300087512

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: October 2013

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300087512.001.0001

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Methadone Treatment as HIV Prevention: Cost-Effectiveness Analysis

Methadone Treatment as HIV Prevention: Cost-Effectiveness Analysis

(p.118) Chapter 6 Methadone Treatment as HIV Prevention: Cost-Effectiveness Analysis
Quantitative Evaluation of HIV Prevention Programs

Harold Pollack

Yale University Press

This chapter examines the overall cost-effectiveness of methadone treatment for injection drug users (IDUS) as an HIV prevention measure. It begins by reviewing several studies that document the efficacy of methadone treatment. It then discusses two models: a basic model of HIV transmission without treatment and a simple model that incorporates methadone treatment. Analysis suggests that methadone treatment significantly reduces disease prevalence at a cost of $100,000 to $300,000 per infection averted.

Keywords:   methadone, injection drug users, IDUS, HIV prevention, HIV transmission, injection

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