This chapter discusses the Roman Nubia, which lies south of Aswan and extends from the first cataract to the fourth cataract. In addition to the Meroites, ancient sources identified several desert tribes in the region: the Blemmyes and the Megabari, who lived on the eastern banks of the Nile and were subjects of the Meroites; the Troglodytes, who lived in the mountains along the Red Sea coast; and the Nobatai, who inhabited the deserts to the west of the Nile and who were independent of the Meroites. During Roman period, troops occupied dozens of sites in Lower Nubia by building settlements in Pharaonic and Ptolemaic fortresses and temples along the Nile. According to modern scholars, the main problem with Procopius's account is that he brought the Nobatai into the picture more than a hundred years before they became substantial force in Lower Nubia.
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