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Archaeology at La IsabelaAmerica's First European Town$
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Kathleen Deagan and Jose Maria Cruxent

Print publication date: 2002

Print ISBN-13: 9780300090413

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: October 2013

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300090413.001.0001

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Aftermath and Transformation

Aftermath and Transformation

(p.273) 11 Aftermath and Transformation
Archaeology at La Isabela

Kathleen Deagan

José María Cruxent

Yale University Press

This chapter discusses the aftermath and transformation of colonial design represented by La Isabela. The alterations to the original colonial design represented by La Isabela were largely provoked by the colonists themselves rather than by their political leaders. The effects of this local, non-elite agency were crucial to the transformation of Spain in America, and ultimately to the emergence of a new, culturally multifaceted criollo society. Economy and labor were central to these changes, as native Caribbean peoples under Spanish domination declined in numbers and were replaced as a labor source by enslaved Africans. Demographic change was also impelled by intermarriage among Europeans, Africans, and Native Americans, leading in turn to the generation of new social, political, and ideological orders.

Keywords:   La Isabela, political leaders, colony, labor

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