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Engaging the Moving Image$
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Noël Carroll

Print publication date: 2003

Print ISBN-13: 9780300091953

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: October 2013

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300091953.001.0001

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Film, Attention, and Communication: A Naturalistic Account

Film, Attention, and Communication: A Naturalistic Account

Chapter:
(p.10) Chapter 2 Film, Attention, and Communication: A Naturalistic Account
Source:
Engaging the Moving Image
Author(s):

Noël Carroll

Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:10.12987/yale/9780300091953.003.0002

This chapter focuses on the origins of film as a medium. Although there are disputes about when to date the beginning of film, one traditional opinion favors 1895. On December 28 of that year, Louis and Auguste Lumiere staged the first public screening of a series of their films, including Workers Leaving the Factory, in a room of the Grand Cafe in Paris. This event had been preceded by a series of private screenings for selected scientific and business audiences. On December 28, the public had the opportunity to see the product. Film had been available to the public prior to this date in the form of kinetoscopes—viewing-boxes into which customers peered one at a time and which have sometimes been referred to as “peep shows.”

Keywords:   film, Auguste Lumiere, Louis Lumiere, public screening, Grand Cafe, Paris, private screenings, kinetoscopes, peep shows

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