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The Elusiveness of the OrdinaryStudies in the Possibility of Philosophy$
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Stanley Rosen

Print publication date: 2002

Print ISBN-13: 9780300091977

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: October 2013

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300091977.001.0001

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Kant and Heidegger: Transcendental Alternatives to Aristotle

Kant and Heidegger: Transcendental Alternatives to Aristotle

(p.94) Chapter 3 Kant and Heidegger: Transcendental Alternatives to Aristotle
The Elusiveness of the Ordinary

Stanley Rosen

Yale University Press

This chapter puts forth two different ways of responding to the incompatibility between modern natural science and an account of human life that is true to the manner in which one actually lives it. The first way is that of Kant himself; the second is that of Kant's most idiosyncratic student, Heidegger. However, instead of attempting a direct comparison between these two thinkers, the chapter proposes to contrast each with Aristotle. Doing so will show the difference between approaches to everyday life that are entirely free of transcendental or ontological intentions, and those that are not. Thus, this chapter begins with an analysis of the Kantian critique of eudaimonism which, although it is not directly addressed to Aristotle, certainly applies to the Aristotelian tradition. This is followed by an exploration of Heidegger's use of Aristotle's practical philosophy, and in particular to his notorious interpretation of phronesis.

Keywords:   modern natural science, human life, Kant, Heidegger, Aristotle, ontological intentions, eudaimonism, phronesis

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