This introductory chapter focuses on Bishop Clemens August Graf von Galen, who has been represented as a firm anti-Nazi resister. The discussion takes a closer look at the reasons why von Galen decided to go against particular policies and how he is different from the other church leaders during the Nazi era. This chapter also considers von Galen's similarities with these church leaders, places his decisions within the context of church-state relations from the 1930s to the 1940s, and tries to pinpoint where he fits concerning the debates of the definition of resistance.
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