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Bishop von GalenGerman Catholicism and National Socialism$
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Beth A. Griech-Polelle

Print publication date: 2002

Print ISBN-13: 9780300092233

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: October 2013

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300092233.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM YALE SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.yale.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Yale University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in YSO for personal use.date: 24 June 2021

The Legacy of the Kulturkampf

The Legacy of the Kulturkampf

(p.23) Chapter Two The Legacy of the Kulturkampf
Bishop von Galen

Beth A. Griech-Polelle

Yale University Press

This chapter is concerned with the Kulturkampf, which is argued to have had a successful effect on the internalization of fears that Catholics would once more be considered as outsiders. It looks at the legacy of the Kulturkampf, in terms of the fact that von Galen used the language of an arriving Kulturkampf to keep the Catholic community together. It looks at the different divisions of German society that influenced how Protestants and Catholics viewed their national identity, as well as the works of Catholic writers such as Alban Stolz who showed Catholics as outsiders. The next section demonstrates the Catholic and Jews' ways of being accepted by the German nation, including setting aside their own traditions. This chapter also looks at the Concordat, which served as a medium for protest rather than a plan for resistance, and the wide-scale persecution of Jews thanks to a racial definition of Jewishness.

Keywords:   Kulturkampf, outsiders, German society, national identity, Alban Stolz, Concordat, protest, persecution, racial definition, Jewishness

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