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Self-Determination Theory in the ClinicMotivating Physical and Mental Health$
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Kennon Sheldon, Geoffrey Williams, and Thomas Joiner

Print publication date: 2003

Print ISBN-13: 9780300095449

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: October 2013

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300095449.001.0001

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Self-Determination Theory and Physical Health

Self-Determination Theory and Physical Health

(p.43) 4 Self-Determination Theory and Physical Health
Self-Determination Theory in the Clinic

Kennon M. Sheldon

Geoffrey Williams

Thomas Joiner

Yale University Press

This chapter talks about the need for health care policy makers and practitioners to clearly understand what motivation is and how they can properly facilitate it. It identifies Americans' failure to follow proper and scientifically proven health behaviors, which can be solved through motivated behaviors (e.g. eating healthy, exercising more, and quitting smoking). It addresses the argument that understanding the motivational basis of adherence to healthy behaviors and stopping unhealthy behaviors in the long-term needs a more universal motivation model than is found within the behaviorist tradition, as well as a more general model than is offered by the social-cognitive tradition. This chapter looks at a number of studies that show patients are more likely to use and maintain healthy behavior, provided that their motivation is autonomous.

Keywords:   motivated behaviors, healthy behaviors, motivation model, behaviorist tradition, social-cognitive tradition

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