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Farmers' BountyLocating Crop Diversity in the Contemporary World$
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Stephen B. Brush

Print publication date: 2004

Print ISBN-13: 9780300100495

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: October 2013

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300100495.001.0001

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Rights over Genetic Resources and the Demise of the Biological Commons

Rights over Genetic Resources and the Demise of the Biological Commons

(p.219) 10 Rights over Genetic Resources and the Demise of the Biological Commons
Farmers' Bounty

Stephen B. Brush

Yale University Press

This chapter addresses the issues of equity in a world divided by economic wealth and poverty, uneven distribution, trade of genetic resources and ownership of these resources as intellectual property. The increasing value of crop resources that resulted from the rise of formal crop breeding, the diffusion of modern varieties, and the availability of plant breeders' rights in the twentieth century spurred a movement to clarify ownership of genetic resources and broaden the pool of people who benefit from their availability and use. The chapter discusses that this movement resulted in the Convention on Biological Diversity and the International Undertaking on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture. It also reveals that while the charge of biopiracy is still commonly voiced, the benefits of open access to crop resources in an international public domain are now more fully recognized.

Keywords:   genetic resources, intellectual property, crop resources, biopiracy, public domain

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