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Distributive Justice and DisabilityUtilitarianism against Egalitarianism$
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Mark S. Stein

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780300100570

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: October 2013

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300100570.001.0001

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Intuition about Aggregation

Intuition about Aggregation

(p.207) X Intuition about Aggregation
Distributive Justice and Disability

Mark S. Stein

Yale University Press

This chapter examines the problem of aggregation and argues that utilitarianism rarely yields wrong-seeming results in cases involving aggregation. It also explains why the utilitarian commitment to aggregation allows utilitarianism to respect liberty and democracy more than a pure egalitarian theory can. It focuses on the aggregation of smaller benefits rather than equal benefits. In addition, the chapter considers cases in which the result of aggregation seems right as opposed to cases in which the result seems wrong, explores how aggregation affects the relationship between utilitarianism and egalitarianism, and looks at John Rawls's liberty principle as well as the illiberalism of his doctrine of public reason.

Keywords:   aggregation, utilitarianism, liberty, benefits, egalitarianism, John Rawls, liberty principle, illiberalism, doctrine of public reason, democracy

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