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Distributive Justice and DisabilityUtilitarianism against Egalitarianism$
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Mark S. Stein

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780300100570

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: October 2013

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300100570.001.0001

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Egalitarianism and Distribution to the Disabled

Egalitarianism and Distribution to the Disabled

(p.55) V Egalitarianism and Distribution to the Disabled
Distributive Justice and Disability

Mark S. Stein

Yale University Press

Welfare egalitarianism distributes too many resources to some who are disabled, while resource egalitarianism distributes too few resources to some who are disabled. Both of these egalitarian theories are flawed because they are insensitive to relative benefit and do not take into account the extent to which people can benefit from resources. This chapter explores egalitarian approaches to disability and distribution. After drawing a number of distinctions between various egalitarian theories, it considers the problems faced by these theories and compares them with those associated with utilitarianism. It discusses moderate and extreme forms of egalitarianism as well as marginal egalitarianism and looks at four limits to redistribution under welfare egalitarianism: satiation, counterproductivity, equalization of welfare, and sympathy.

Keywords:   resource egalitarianism, welfare egalitarianism, disability, distribution, utilitarianism, redistribution, satiation, counterproductivity, welfare, resources

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