In dealing with disability, resource egalitarians such as John Rawls, Ronald Dworkin, and Bruce Ackerman actually switch between resource egalitarianism, welfare egalitarianism, and utilitarianism. They initially try to maintain the ideal of resource equality, then modify their theories to justify the allocation of additional resources to the disabled, but veer toward welfare egalitarianism because of such modifications. They then look to limit redistribution to the disabled, which sometimes leads to a form of utilitarianism. This chapter examines Rawls's treatment of disability and considers the oscillation in his theory between inadequate provision for the disabled and excessive redistribution to the disabled. It also discusses some new positions and new arguments advanced by Rawls in his book Justice as Fairness: A Restatement, including his two principles of justice: the principle of liberty and the difference principle.
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