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The Spanish Civil War, the Soviet Union, and Communism$
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Stanley G. Payne

Print publication date: 2004

Print ISBN-13: 9780300100686

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: October 2013

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300100686.001.0001

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(p.290) Chapter Twelve Conclusion
The Spanish Civil War, the Soviet Union, and Communism

StanLey G. Payne

Yale University Press

This book concludes by depicting the twentieth century as a generator and destroyer of myths. By its end, nearly all the major new political and ideological myths of the first half of the century had been discredited. Of them all, however, probably none has been more enduring than the myth of the Spanish Republic. The myth of fascism was rapidly destroyed, whereas myths connected with the varying forms of communism endured for years, with new forms emerging in the second half of the century. Nonetheless, by the end of the century they were dead or at death's door. The myth of the Spanish Republic, by comparison, has retained its power to enlist the sympathy of later generations.

Keywords:   twentieth century, ideological myths, Spanish Republic, myth of fascism, communism

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