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The Spanish Civil War, the Soviet Union, and Communism$
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Stanley G. Payne

Print publication date: 2004

Print ISBN-13: 9780300100686

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: October 2013

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300100686.001.0001

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Communism and Revolution in Spain 1917–1931

Communism and Revolution in Spain 1917–1931

(p.8) Chapter Two Communism and Revolution in Spain 1917–1931
The Spanish Civil War, the Soviet Union, and Communism

StanLey G. Payne

Yale University Press

This chapter discusses the role played by the Comintern in the revolution of Spain. In Spain, the Comintern faced an unusual combination of circumstances, in which four factors may be identified as the most essential: Culturally, Spain was part of Western Europe, but of its most underdeveloped part; economically, it was part of a largely agrarian and backward Southern Europe, a very large and somewhat artificial category that extended from Portugal across to the Balkans and which also had certain features in common with Eastern Europe; politically, Spain had one of the longest “modern” political histories in the world; and finally, socialist ideas and trade union activity also had an extensive history in Spain, dating from the 1830s and 1840s, and here, the failure was even more acute. Socialism was weak, and the main trade union and revolutionary force was anarchosyndicalism.

Keywords:   revolution of Spain, Comintern, socialist ideas, trade union activity, socialism, revolutionary force, anarchosyndicalism

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