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The Spanish Civil War, the Soviet Union, and Communism$
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Stanley G. Payne

Print publication date: 2004

Print ISBN-13: 9780300100686

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: October 2013

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300100686.001.0001

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Communism and the Second Republic 1931–1934

Communism and the Second Republic 1931–1934

(p.22) Chapter Three Communism and the Second Republic 1931–1934
The Spanish Civil War, the Soviet Union, and Communism

StanLey G. Payne

Yale University Press

This chapter discusses the second major phase of radicalization for the Soviet Union as Stalin consolidated his personal power and undertook new and major socialist initiatives, beginning with the collectivization of agriculture in 1928. Creating a sense of domestic and international crisis was fundamental to the new radicalization. Events of the preceding year had stimulated such an atmosphere, for in 1927 the Chinese Communists suffered catastrophe when their erstwhile Nationalist allies turned on them and drove them underground, while the Soviet government artificially contrived a war scare with Britain. By 1929, Stalin declared that the Soviet Union must develop a world-class military establishment as soon as possible to avoid being, as he put it, “crushed.”

Keywords:   radicalization, Soviet Union, Stalin, collectivization of agriculture, world-class military

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