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The Spanish Civil War, the Soviet Union, and Communism$
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Stanley G. Payne

Print publication date: 2004

Print ISBN-13: 9780300100686

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: October 2013

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300100686.001.0001

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From Revolutionary Insurrection to Popular Front 1934–1936

From Revolutionary Insurrection to Popular Front 1934–1936

(p.38) Chapter Four From Revolutionary Insurrection to Popular Front 1934–1936
The Spanish Civil War, the Soviet Union, and Communism

StanLey G. Payne

Yale University Press

This chapter discusses the attempt to develop an independent, more original and imaginative Marxism-Leninism adapted to Spanish circumstances, which was carried on by Joaquin Maurin and the Bloque Obrero y Campesino (Worker-Peasant Bloc or BOC), formed in Barcelona in March 1931. The name of the new group stemmed from the original Comintern ploy of 1923 to form a Groupe Ouvrier et Paysan (Worker and Peasant Group) as an electoral front for the French Communist Party. The BOC set itself the goal of forming “a Great Worker-Peasant Party,” with the political nucleus formed by the independent Catalan Communist FCC-B, while the BOC was to form a broader mass organization. Maurin and his colleagues argued that this was the most useful strategy, since direct Bolshevization on the basis of the party alone had failed in both France and Spain.

Keywords:   Marxism-Leninism, Joaquin Maurin, Obrero y Campesino, Worker-Peasant Bloc, BOC, Ouvrier et Paysan, Worker and Peasant

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