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The Spanish Civil War, the Soviet Union, and Communism$
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Stanley G. Payne

Print publication date: 2004

Print ISBN-13: 9780300100686

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: October 2013

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300100686.001.0001

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Communism and the Implosion of the Republic February–July 1936

Communism and the Implosion of the Republic February–July 1936

(p.83) Chapter Five Communism and the Implosion of the Republic February–July 1936
The Spanish Civil War, the Soviet Union, and Communism

StanLey G. Payne

Yale University Press

This chapter studies the implosion of the Spanish Republic between the winter and summer of 1936. Some comparable cases can be found in Italy, Germany, and Hungary in the immediate aftermath of World War I, but the comparability of such cases is limited, because the Central European countries were profoundly affected by the war and had not enjoyed five years of peacetime life as democratic polities. The Austrian crisis of 1933–34 did take place in an established democratic republic, but it was profoundly influenced by German pressure and the rise of a powerful Nazi movement within Austria. The breakdown of the Weimar Republic in Germany provides some parallel, because of fragmentation so extreme that the Republic could not function normally, but the German system was under the direct assault of a nationalist movement which eventually seized power.

Keywords:   Central European countries, peacetime life, democratic polities, Austrian crisis, German pressure, Nazi movement, Weimar Republic

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