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The Bourgeois FrontierFrench Towns, French Traders, and American Expansion$
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Jay Gitlin

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780300101188

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: October 2013

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300101188.001.0001

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Surviving the Transition to American Rule

Surviving the Transition to American Rule

(p.47) 3 Surviving the Transition to American Rule
The Bourgeois Frontier

Jay Gitlin

Yale University Press

In 1803, the United States purchased Louisiana from France, clearing its imperial rivals out of a vast area and securing the main trade route of the interior for its western citizens. It also took possession of the port of New Orleans, long coveted by Britain. St. Louis not only provided a gateway to the West but also offered the promise of a limitless trade in furs. During the 1790s, the French empire relinquished two areas to the United States: the Detroit region in 1796 and the Mississippi Territory in 1798. Exiles from successive regimes in France sought asylum and opportunity in French America. Large numbers of French people from the French colony of St. Domingue (present-day Haiti) arrived in both St. Louis and New Orleans between 1793 and 1804. The largest wave of francophone refugees from St. Domingue arrived in Louisiana in 1809 and 1810 after being deported from Cuba in response to Bonapartist schemes in Spain.

Keywords:   refugees, United States, Louisiana, France, New Orleans, St. Louis, Detroit, Mississippi Territory, French America, St. Domingue

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