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Disconnected RiversLinking Rivers to Landscapes$
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Ellen Wohl

Print publication date: 2004

Print ISBN-13: 9780300103328

Published to Yale Scholarship Online: October 2013

DOI: 10.12987/yale/9780300103328.001.0001

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Conquering a New World

Conquering a New World

Pioneer Impacts

(p.40) Chapter 3 Conquering a New World
Disconnected Rivers

Ellen E. Wohl

Yale University Press

This chapter explains how the earliest human inhabitants reached America and modified the physical and biological environments of the rivers. Sedentary agricultural communities first appear in the archeological record of North America more than 2,000 years ago. As with agricultural people elsewhere in the world, these first farmers affected rivers more than their hunter-gatherer predecessors. The Hohokam of central Arizona developed an extensive system of more than 1,200 miles of irrigation canals diverting water from the Salt River between approximately ad 200 and 1450. The chapter reveals that Native Americans in the eastern woodlands farmed along river corridors, and that their domestication of seed plants began in approximately 2000 bc.

Keywords:   coastal region, irrigation, woodlands, river corridors, beavers

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